Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder 

PTSD is a more significant intrusive response to a traumatic event.   This could include the ongoing experience of:   1) Reliving of the traumatic events,   2) Avoidance of the reminders of the event and   3) Increased arousal as a result of the event.   These three factors are relevant in the formal diagnosis for PTSD.   The symptoms are ongoing and interfere significantly with the person’s quality of life and can be very debilitating.

Some symptoms of PTSD:

  • flashbacks – reliving the trauma over and over

  • bad dreams

  • frightening thoughts

  • avoiding places, people, or thoughts that are reminders of the experience

  • being easily startled

  • feeling tense or ‘on edge’

  • difficulty sleeping

  • angry outbursts

  • trouble remembering the event

  • distorted feeling like guilt or blame



How therapy can help:

CBT and Cognitive restructuring helps people make sense of the bad memories.   Sometimes people remember the event differently than how it happened.   They may feel guilt or shame about what is not their fault.   The therapist helps people with PTSD look at what happened in a realistic way.

Exposure therapy helps people face and control their fear.   It gradually exposes them to the trauma they experienced in a safe way.   It uses mental imagery, writing, or visits to the place where the event happened. 

Therapy will also be focused on teaching about trauma and its effects, using relaxation and anger control skills, and providing tools for better sleep, diet and exercise.

Think you are suffering from PTSD?

Thanks for reaching out!

Whether you are in crisis or need support, I would love to help you achieve a sense of well-being. 


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